Regulators, such as the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the European Medicine Agency (EMA), approve every year dozens of drugs, after verifying their safety and therapeutic effectiveness in clinical trials. Sometimes, however, clinical trials are not sufficient to discover all potential Adverse Drug Events (ADE). Pharmacovigilance, therefore, monitors the drugs in the market to ensure that unexpected effects are immediately identified and actions are taken to minimize their harm.
This process relies on formal reporting methods, such as physician notes. However, a constantly growing number of patients prefers to describe the
side effects on social media platforms, health forums and similar outlets.
Patients have started reporting Adverse Drug Event (ADE) on social media, health forums and similar outlets, often utilizing informal language. Given the need to monitor these sources for pharmacovigilance purposes, systems for the automatic extraction of ADE are becoming an important research topic in the NLP community. Recent shared tasks on the topic of ADE extraction have attracted numerous focused contributions.
- Beatrice Portelli (AILAB-Udine member)
- Giuseppe Serra (AILAB-Udine member)
- Emmanuele Chersoni (Hong Kong Polytechnic University)
- Enrico Santus (Bayer)